12/15/2018 11:35:00 AM Sheriff's Corner - Trespass laws
By Sheriff Tom Burch
We have recently received several requests to clarify trespassing rules and laws. This is a common issue that comes up frequently in calls for service to our office, especially during the fall hunting season and other times of the year. This article will highlight the main concepts of the Trespassing Law, as laid out by Statute, along with some guidelines for properly posting your property to enforce trespassing rules.
The State of Minnesota has trespassing laws. These laws make it illegal to go on another person's property without permission or to stay on their property after being told to leave. It' is important to note that usually such laws punish those that knowingly or intentionally trespass on another person's property. This means that if a person accidentally or unintentionally goes onto someone else's property, they're not necessarily guilty of committing a criminal trespass violation.
Minnesota Statute Chapter 609.605 discusses Criminal Trespassing. The statutes state that a person is guilty of a misdemeanor if the person intentionally:
(1) permits domestic animals or fowls under the actor's control to go on the land of another within a city;
(2) interferes unlawfully with a monument, sign or pointer erected or marked to designate a point of a boundary, line or a political subdivision, or of a tract of land;
(3) trespasses on the premises of another and, without claim of right, refuses to depart from the premises on demand of the lawful possessor;
(4) occupies or enters the dwelling or locked or posted building of another, without claim of right or consent of the owner or the consent of one who has the right to give consent, except in an emergency situation;
(5) enters the premises of another with intent to take or injure any fruit, fruit trees or vegetables growing on the premises, without the permission of the owner or occupant;
(6) enters or is found on the premises of a public or private cemetery without authorization during hours the cemetery is posted as closed to the public;
(7) returns to the property of another with the intent to abuse, disturb, or cause distress in or threaten another, after being told to leave the property and not to return, if the actor is without claim of right to the property or consent of one with authority to consent;
(8) returns to the property of another within one year after being told to leave the property and not to return, if the actor is without claim of right to the property or consent of one with authority to consent;
(9) enters the locked or posted construction site of another without the consent of the owner or lawful possessor, unless the person is a business licensee;
(10) enters the locked or posted aggregate mining site of another without the consent of the owner or lawful possessor, unless the person is a business licensee; or
(11) crosses into or enters any public or private area lawfully cordoned off by or at the direction of a peace officer engaged in the performance of official duties. As used in this clause: (i) an area may be "cordoned off" through the use of tape, barriers, or other means conspicuously placed and identifying the area as being restricted by a peace officer and identifying the responsible authority; and (ii) "peace officer" has the meaning given in section 626.84, subdivision 1 . It is an affirmative defense to a charge under this clause that a peace officer permitted entry into the restricted area.
When posting your land for No Trespassing, it is important to know and follow some guidelines as laid out by the same statute:
The placement of a sign at least 8 ½ x 11 inches in a conspicuous place on the exterior of the building, or in a conspicuous place within the property on which the building is located. The sign must carry a general notice warning against trespass. If the area is less than 3 acres, one additional sign must be placed within that area. If the area is more than three acres but less than 10 acres, two additional signs must be placed. For each additional full ten acres of area being protected beyond the first ten acres of area, two additional signs must be conspicuously placed within the area being protected. The sign must carry a general notice warning against trespass.
When posting your land, the statute requires that the sign(s):
A) carries a general notice warning against trespass;
(B) displays letters at least two inches high;
(C) state that Minnesota law prohibits trespassing on the property; and
(D) are posted in a conspicuous place and at intervals of 500 feet or less.
By knowing and understanding criminal trespass laws, you can help protect your property from unwanted visitors. In the event you wish to prosecute any unlawful acts by following the guidelines as laid out, it may be possible to do so. (https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/cite/609.605)
If you have specific questions that you would like answered in this column or in person, please feel free to contact me anytime using one of the following methods: